The recent arrest of hundreds of Chinese workers conducting illegal gold minding in Ghana shows that complex problems have many sides, all of which can inflame public opinion in different locales throughout the world. Here’s an op-doc (what the New York Times calls short documentary films focused on a particular issues) from the Guardian that overviews the issue.
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While not much about this issue is in the American media, Chinese and Ghanaian sources (including social media) have been active in expounding on this issue. On one side are Ghanaians who feel that illegal Chinese mining is destroying lives and livelihoods (see this article on Ghanaweb, especially the comments); on the Chinese side (see this article on Shanghaiist.com), there are claims of police abuse and violence towards Chinese miners in Ghana. It’s clear from the coverage that both sides recognize that there is enough exploitation and corruption on both sides to make solving the problem of illegal mining very difficult.